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    Three Rivers Coffee Company Blog

    How To Do A Coffee Pour Over

    How To Do A Coffee Pour Over

    One of the most delicious coffee brewing methods is also one of the simplest, but don’t be fooled. Any coffee brewing method involves science, consistency, and the right equipment. Want to know why a coffee pour over is so delicious and how to do it yourself at home? Read on, my friends.

    What Is a Pour Over?

    A coffee pour over is a coffee brewing method designed to create a more flavorful brew by maximizing the effectiveness of the three phases of brewing. This method is fairly simple. All you do is grind fresh coffee beans and then use a brewing system to pour hot water over the grounds to produce a fresh cup or pot of coffee. This method is preferred among coffee enthusiasts because it allows the brewer to control factors such as taste and strength better than other brewing methods. Trust me, once you try it for yourself, you’ll definitely be as enthusiastic about it as we are!

    What Equipment Is Needed?

    To do a coffee pour over, you will need a few specific instruments. Some are better than others, and we will tell you the science behind it. First here is a list of what you must have to make a coffee pour over.

    • Freshly ground coffee
    • A filter - paper or mesh
    • A pour over dripping mechanism or filter holder
    • Hot water
    • Mug or coffee pot

    Your secret ingredient is your coffee grinder. Why? Because the quality of your grind determines the taste of your pour. If your grind is too coarse, it will produce larger coffee granules and causes the water to flow over the granules at a faster rate. This creates a weak, thin, sour, and acidic taste. The same is for the opposite. If your grind is too fine, the granules are much smaller and the water will saturate the grounds and won’t extract enough flavor. This creates a bitter and salty taste.

    Because you need a consistent and perfectly sized grind, we recommend a Burr Grinder. They are one of the best in the market, supported by coffee enthusiasts. The Baratza Virtuoso and Vario are electric grinders that do the grinding for you. Burr’s also offer hand grinders such as the Khaw-Fee Manual Grinder. Remember, the better quality your grinder, the better quality your grinds, the better quality your taste.

    Now the tool that makes the pour over method possible: a dripping mechanism. Choosing the right pour over brewer is incredibly important to the convenience, size, and quality of your brew. When browsing your options consider:

    • Portability - Do you want to be able to travel with your brewer? Are you a camper, frequent vacationer, or need coffee to get through the workday?
    • Serving Size - How much coffee do you drink in a day? Are you making single serve cups or brewing for a group?
    • Technique - Are you wanting convenience? Some brewers are easy - just throw in your grinds and water, and wait… much like Keurig. Or are you looking to craft a perfect, tasty brew?
    • Accessories - What does the brewer require? All brewers use slightly different tools and techniques, such as paper filters over cloth filters, carafes or cups, etc.

    Some of the best-rated pour over brewers are the Hario V60 and the Kalita Wave because they’re easy to use and proven consistency in brews.

    We can’t forget the essential ingredient: coffee. Three Rivers Coffee Company (TRCC) offers roast-to-order coffee beans, for maximum freshness, if you want to grind your own beans. If you wish to skip this part and go straight to the pouring, TRCC also offers freshly ground coffee. The freshest of roasts create the best-tasting pour over brew. With the pour over method, any roast profile can be used, but you'll need to adjust your recipe for each roast to maximize flavor. Personally, I enjoy the TRCC Dark Roast or House Blend coffee with pour over brewing.

    The Steps

    Now that we’ve discussed what a coffee pour over is and what tools you need, it’s time to learn how to make a coffee pour over brew correctly. I’ve broken it down for you in these 4 easy steps.

    Step 1: Grind Your Beans

    Take your beautiful Burr grinder and pour in your TRCC roast-to-order beans. Remember, you want a uniform, medium-sized grind for the perfect taste. Too coarse and your coffee is weak and acidic, too fine and your coffee is bitter. Blek! If you have an electric grinder, play with the settings until you find the timing and speed that makes you the perfect grind. If you have a manual grinder practice, practice, practice!

    Ground Coffee For Pour Over

    Step 2: Rinse Your Filter

    If you’re taking the time to do a coffee pour over brew because you want a flavorful cup of coffee, also take the time to rinse your filter to eliminate the taste of paper from your brew. To do this, you want water heated to temperatures between 195-206 degrees Fahrenheit (90-96 degrees Celsius). Pour the hot water in a circle around the paper filter for about 5 seconds. Then discard the water in the cup or carafe that ran through it.

    Step 3: Brew Time

    All coffee brewing methods involve the same three general phases: wetting, dissolution, and diffusion. These phases are incredibly crucial to the quality of your brew so pay attention folks. I’m taking you back to science class!

    The first phase is wetting and is exactly what it sounds like: making your ground coffee wet. Remember how we pounded into your head how important it is to pick the right grinder? The reason for that is not only the size of the grind but also the byproduct of grinding which is the build-up of a beautiful compound called carbon dioxide.

    As with any coffee brewing process, you need to pour just the right amount of water to get all grounds wet. Your water needs to be the same temperature as when you rinsed your filter (195-206 degrees Fahrenheit). Once you’ve poured the perfect amount of water, stop pouring for about 30 seconds so you can let the carbon dioxide escape. You will notice that the grounds will expand and swell with the water - this is called blooming. At this point, the coffee grounds will also happen to release a wonderful smell, so make sure you take advantage and get a good sniff. You deserve it.

    Pour Over Coffee Bloom

    The second phase is dissolution. Sounds a lot like dissolve right? Well, that’s exactly what’s happening. Once the coffee grinds are thoroughly wetted, the hot water will dissolve the solubles in the coffee beans’ cells. The complex cocktail of organic substances in coffee includes pleasant and unpleasant types. Lucky for us, it’s one of the useful facts of coffee chemistry that the yummy and desirable solubles dissolve in water more efficiently and typically faster than the icky and undesirable substances.

    Getting a perfect, tasty brew is all about stopping the brewing at the ideal moment - after the good flavors have been extracted and before the gross flavors seep in. It is recommended to stop at a 19-20% extraction point - that is if you extract the first 19-20% of the mass of the coffee, the best flavor balance will be the result. Experimenting with and establishing consistent brew times will help you fine tune your coffee's flavor.

    The third phase is diffusion and is all about osmosis. Bet you haven’t heard that term since high school, huh? The cell walls of our coffee grounds are semi-permeable which means certain substances (water in this case) can pass through the membranes of our coffee while others cannot. Through the osmosis pressure, the highly concentrated chambers of the coffee grounds are driven out to the more watery surrounding environment creating a solvent with delicious flavors.

    Fine-tuning your pour over brew involves practice. A pour over requires finding the right combination of ground size (coarser or finer), recipe (coffee to water ratio), and brew time. A good coffee-to-water ratio is between 60-70 grams of coffee per liter of water (a mass ratio between 1:16 and 1:14).

    You'll find the target total brew time differs between roast types and your taste preference. Dark roasted coffee is typically 2.5 to 3 minutes and 3 to 4 minutes for medium to light roasted coffees. (This includes drip time after you stop adding water). To improve the consistency in your pour over brews use a scale, and stopwatch, and record your results until you find the perfect combination.

    What Coffee Should I Use?

    As I mentioned above, any roast profile can be used for this method, but you'll have to adjust your recipe accordingly. Each roast brews differently, that’s the beauty and challenge of a coffee pour over brew. Just remember the basics of coffee chemistry above when making your coffee pour over. And, don't forget, the fresher the coffee, the better the taste! So, what are you waiting for? Time’s a-brewin'.

    September Whirlwind

    September Whirlwind

    Wow! It's been one heck of an adventure since we officially opened in July. Jimmy, James and I are still thrilled and humbled by the fantastic response to the Three Rivers Coffee Company and our coffee products. Jimmy has been nearly roasting non-stop to keep up with demand!

    Thank you for all the positive comments, social media posts, and word of mouth advertising. We appreciate it more than you will ever know.

    Giving Back

    One of TRCC's goals is to give back to those who serve. That's why one of our first new products is the 3 AM Lift Assist series. A portion of the proceeds from every bag of 3 AM Lift Assist sold will be donated to fire, ems, and law enforcement associations. Giving back never felt or tasted better!

    New French Roast Available - Oui!

    Jimmy, our master roaster, has been working on more roast profiles over the past several weeks, and we're happy to announce that our French Roast is now available for purchase. If you're a fan of extra dark coffee, you have to give ours a try. We think you'll be amazed by the smoothness and rich flavor.

    TRCC Logo Gear Preorders

    We started taking preorders for our laser engraved, stainless steel tumblers. These double walled stainless tumblers are available in 20 and 30-ounce sizes, keep your drinks hot or cold for hours and feature a durable matte black powder coat with a laser engraved TRCC logo.

    Supplies will be limited, so if you'd like to snag one of these sweet tumblers, please click here to place a preorder. If all goes according to plan, we're expecting delivery to be around the end of October.

    Three Rivers Color Tour Event

    TRCC is teaming up with Safety Glasses USA to provide free donuts and coffee samples for the TR Color Tour. The event runs from 9 AM to 2 PM on Sunday, October 14th. You can find us in the Safety Glasses USA building in the Enterprise Industrial Park at 1501, KDF Drive. Located East of the U.S. 131 & M-60 intersection.

    There will be coffee roasting demonstrations at 10 AM and Noon and Safety Glasses USA is giving away free safety sunglasses for all kids 8-12 years old. Plus, we'll have some special deals, like 15% off all coffee products and 10% off all safety glasses, sunglasses, and safety products. Did we mention free donuts!? Please visit our Facebook page for more details and to participate in the event chat.

    The Daily Grind

    If you find yourself in the Portage, MI area looking for a delicious breakfast and a fantastic cup of coffee, then visit D & R's Daily Grind restaurant at 8712 Portage Rd. Their breakfast is better than homemade, and they're now serving TRCC coffee every day!

    Bullseye's Tractor Show

    Jimmy enjoyed meeting folks and talking about coffee at Bulleye's recent tractor show this past Sunday. The pleasant weather, giant tractors, coffee samples, and Bulleye's tasty treats must have put everyone in the mood to buy coffee because Jimmy quickly sold out! If you missed us at the tractor show, swing by the roastery at 1501 KDF Drive for a fresh bag of your favorite roast.

    TRCC Words of Wisdom

    If you're feeling tired, remember, a yawn is a silent scream for coffee. Cheers.

    TRCC Is Officially Open!

    TRCC Is Officially Open!

    After a long, but enlightening journey, TRCC is proud to announce that we're officially open for business! And, we've hit the ground running. The local response and demand for our coffee have been fantastic and humbling at the same time. Thank you!

    Jimmy, our master roaster, has put in some long hours on the roaster this week to keep up with demand. But, he still found enough time to finalize the roast profile for our new Decaf Roast. Let me just say, if you drink decaf coffee, you're in for a real treat.

    Riki's Ride

    On Sunday we set up shop in LA's Coffee Cafe to participate in "Riki's Ride" by Riki Rachtman and Lea Vendetta. Riki, a former MTV veejay (Headbangers Ball), and Lea, a professional model, and tattoo artist, are riding their motorcycle across America to help raise awareness and money for the "Stop Soldier Suicide" organization.

    Riki's Ride at LA's Coffee Cafe

    The turn out at LA's Coffee Cafe was terrific, and the event was a huge success! The town mayor, city manager, fire chief and a host of Three Rivers residents stopped in, purchased some coffee and pastries, shared stories, and donated to a great cause. If you're interested in helping Riki and Lea, you can connect with @rikirachtman and @leavendetta via Twitter and Instagram.

    Three Rivers Coffee Company at LA's Coffee Cafe

    Coffee Subscriptions

    Many of you have been asking about coffee subscriptions on our website. It turns out; it's harder to implement than we initially thought. However, we've been working hard with a developer for several weeks, and with a little luck, our website's coffee subscription service should launch on July 30th or 31st.

    Three Rivers Rocks!

    In all honesty, Jimmy, James, and myself are overwhelmed by the communities support and response to TRCC. We are thrilled that so many people are enjoying our coffee. Thank you all for believing in us, it means the world.

    The Fun Never Stops At TRCC

    The Fun Never Stops At TRCC

    We're still waiting on our coffee roaster installation to be completed. However, we've stayed busy by researching and experimenting with different types of coffee beans, roasts profiles and producing coffee pods.

    Cupping - The Ultimate Taste Test

    It's absolutely amazing how many different flavors and notes can be extracted from a coffee bean! And, even the best coffee beans in the world can taste bad if you don't roast them correctly. 

    We've also discovered that some importers can be a little deceiving and may mix in some undesirable beans in their shipments. This is bad news when it comes to roasting coffee!

    So, how do we keep our customers from receiving lousy coffee? The answer is frequent and consistent cupping. In the coffee industry, cupping is defined as, "the practice of observing the tastes and aromas of brewed coffee." 

    Here at TRCC, we do a LOT of cupping. It's a time-consuming process, but its the best way to ensure our customers consistently receive excellent tasting coffee.

    Creating Coffee Pods

    The Keurig coffee machine has taken the world by storm. The K-Cup, which are single-serving coffee containers for the Keurig, does a great job of combining convenience and variety.

    With the incredible popularity of Keurig coffee machines, we would be fools if we didn't offer Keurig compatible coffee pods to our customers.

    Turns out, producing a coffee pod requires more effort than we previously thought. So, over the past several months we've been working with industry experts on the best way to produce and package coffee pods.

    Fortunately, we've made some excellent contacts in the coffee industry, and they've helped us create a process that will allow us to start pumping out coffee pods once our roaster is up and running.

    Wake Up And Smell The Coffee!

    We're so close to firing up our roaster that we can already smell the aroma of freshly roasted coffee.

    Honestly, we are blown away by the number of restaurants, schools, cafes, businesses and friendly people asking us when our coffee will be available. It's exciting and humbling all rolled into one! We really appreciate everyone's patience and interest in trying our coffee. Thank you.

    We plan to launch our website this week. Sorry, you won't be able to place an order yet. But, with a little luck, we should be ready to start roasting and accepting orders in April!


    Coming Soon - Three Rivers Coffee Company

    Coming Soon - Three Rivers Coffee Company

    Hello from the Three Rivers Coffee Company! 

    Can you guess what happens when three military veterans, who enjoy coffee a bit too much, get together and discuss starting a business? You guessed it; a coffee company is born. And, not just an ordinary coffee company, we're a Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned coffee company that's focused on delivering the freshest, BEST tasting, roast-to-order coffee you've ever had. Our unique roasting profiles combined with fresh, high-quality coffee beans, means every hot steaming cup will indulge your taste buds.

    Just getting started

    As you can imagine, starting a small business is an exercise in brainstorming, planning, and patience. Lot's of patience. We've been working on this project for several months, and after climbing several hurdles along the way, we're getting close to the finish line.

    We have a few small mechanical tasks to complete, and then we will be ready to schedule the final inspections. Once the State of Michigan issues our permits, we'll be firing up the roaster and going to work! 

    The retail product line

    On the retail side, we plan on offering several whole bean roast profiles in 12 ounces and 5 lbs bags. Plus, we will have Keurig compatible coffee pods! You'll be able to purchase these products on our website and in our retail store.

    The wholesale product line

    Yep, we're a wholesale roasting company. So, if you own a coffee shop, restaurant, factory, or any small-business that serves coffee to customers or employees, we can provide you with fresh, great tasting, roast-to-order coffee.

    We also private label our roasted whole bean coffee, ground coffee and coffee pods for qualifying coffee shops and small businesses. Look for more information to follow after we officially open.

    The excitement is real!

    We can't express how excited we are to start roasting coffee. We hope you will try our coffee and give us the opportunity to wake you up in the morning (or any time of day you need it) and make your taste buds happy.